If you own a feline, you will need to read the following blog. Today I will list some of the different items that can be poisonous to your cat. In the next few paragraphs I will address the different types of chemical as well as biological agents that can harm and even kill your cat. Many of these items you use to keep the bugs out of your house. Such as Pyrethrin and their metabolites. These substances can cause seizure-like activity in the cat in the early stages and death in the later stages. These substances are found in insecticide sprays and repellents. If your cat encounters these types of substances, you can normally wash the cat and these symptoms will stop. You still bring your feline into the clinic to have their liver checked as these metabolites can harm the liver as well.
Household Cleaners are the next poison that many of you do not think about. While many cleaners are deemed safe for your pet, many of the counter and floor cleaners can be harmful and toxic to your pet. These can be absorbed through the pet’s pads and/or licked and ingested. Some of the signs that your cat may have been exposed are hypersalivation (drooling), dyspnea (trouble breathing), vomiting, and organ injury. Once taken to the Veterinarian, your feline will need blood work to determine the extent of the organ injury and then the Veterinarian will treat your feline with IV fluids to flush the organs out as well as give medication to treat the organs affected. They will also provide supportive care until the feline is able to eat and keep the food down.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIS) – These are normally human drugs such as Prozac, Paxil, and Celexa. Sedation, CNS stimulation, anorexia, and lethargy are a few of the symptoms you will see from these drugs. These medications can lead to organ failure as well if left untreated, such as liver and kidney disease. These are normally treated with IV fluids to start.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) – These are drugs such as Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Aspirin, Ketoprofen, and Meloxicam. These are all drugs that will either affect the blood, liver or kidneys of your cat. The signs you may see could be lethargy, seizure-like activity, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) – This drug will kill your cat by killing its liver. There is no other way to put it. Tylenol is not good for your cat!
Glow sticks and jewelry – The yellow/green substance within these items called DBP is toxic to the cat. It will cause them to gag, drool, and retch. The cat should be bathed to remove any residual DBP product on the fur. The cat should then be taken to the Veterinarian for assessment for corneal ulcers and/or and GI signs or symptoms.
Amphetamines – This class of poison is the #1 poison for cats. Within this class there are such substances as the ADHD medicine Ritalin, and Adderall. Also, some weight loss drugs and the illegal form of the drugs such as ecstasy, methamphetamine, and crystal meth. The cat’s symptoms will be increased irritation, agitation, seizures, muscle tremors, tachycardia, diarrhea, and vomiting to name a few. This is a life-threatening event and you should seek immediate Veterinary assistance to save your cat's life.
PLANTS (LILIUM, HEREOCALLIS, DIEFFENBACHIA) – This class includes plants such as lilies. Yes, this includes Daylilies. These will present as gastrointestinal signs such as diarrhea and vomiting.
The long and the short of this blog is to be very aware of where your cat is and what they are getting into. There are many things that your cat should not ingest due the quick metabolism of their body. What would not hurt your dog, such as Aspirin once a day, will kill your cat!
WHEN IN DOUBT CHECK IT OUT AND CALL YOUR VETERINARIAN!